Penalties Summary

A guide to the range of penalties available to the courts for UK driving offences.

Some disqualified drivers may need to re-take the driving test or take and extended driving test, prior to gaining their full driving licence.

Although the decision to order a re-test is at the discretion of the court, it is normally influenced by the severity of the offence and the length of the ban. An extended test is normally ordered if the offence involves dangerous driving or other offences that require an obligatory disqualification. A normal length driving test can be ordered where a driver has been disqualified for other endorsable offences.

 

Causing death by dangerous driving

Maximum penalty: 14 years’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Obligatory disqualification (minimum 2 years).

Penalty Points: 3 to 11 

 

 Dangerous driving 

Maximum penalty: 2 years’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Obligatory disqualification (minimum 1 year).

Penalty Points: 3 to 11 

 

Causing death by careless driving under the influence of drink or drugs

Maximum penalty: 14 years’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Obligatory disqualification (minimum 2 years).

Penalty Points: 3 to 11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

 

Careless and inconsiderate driving

Maximum penalty: Unlimited fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3 to 9

 

Driving while unfit through drink or drugs or with excess alcohol: or failing to provide a specimen for analysis

Maximum penalty: 6 months’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Obligatory disqualification

Penalty Points: 3 to 11 (if exceptionally not disqualified)

 

Failing to stop after an accident or failing to report an accident

Maximum penalty: 6 months’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 5 to 10

 

Driving while disqualified

Maximum penalty: 6 months’ imprisonment (12 months in Scotland) / Unlimited fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 6

 

Driving after refusal or revocation of licence on medical grounds

Maximum penalty: 6 months’ imprisonment / Unlimited fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3 to 6

 

Driving without insurance

Maximum penalty: Unlimited fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 6 to 8

 

Using a vehicle in a dangerous condition

Maximum penalty: LGV or PCV unlimited, other vehicles £2,500/ Obligatory disqualification if offence committed within 3 years of a previous conviction for a similar offence - 6 months min. Otherwise discretionary

Penalty Points: 3 in each case

 

Failure to have proper control of vehicle or full view of the road and traffic ahead

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine (£2,500 for PCV or goods vehicle) / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3

 

Using a hand-held mobile phone when driving

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine (£2,500 for PCV or goods vehicle) / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 6

 

Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3 to 6

 

Speeding

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine (£2,500 for motorway offences) / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3 to 6, or 3 (fixed penalty)

 

Traffic light offences

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine / Discretionary disqualification

Penalty Points: 3

 

No MOT certificate

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine

 

Seat belt offences

Maximum penalty: £500 fine

 

Dangerous cycling

Maximum penalty: £2,500 fine

 

Careless cycling

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine

 

Cycling on pavement

Maximum penalty: £500 fine

 

Failing to identify driver of vehicle

Maximum penalty: £1,000 fine / Discretionary disqualification

Source: www.gov.uk

Correct as of March 2018.

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